The Ultimate Rose Care Guide

close up of red roses

If you find yourself frequently enjoying the beauty of red roses, then you might want to consider growing them in your own home. Learning how to nurture these gorgeous blooms can be a simple and beginner-friendly process if you follow these rose care steps along the way. 

Below you’ll learn what types of roses are best suited for potted growth and how to pick the best container for them. We’ve also provided essential rose care tips on water, sunlight, temperature and more so you can become a rose expert in no time.

Picking the Best Container

woman planting rose in container

When it comes to growing potted roses, it’s important to consider every factor involved, which includes choosing the right container. Follow these tips so you can ensure your roses will thrive in their pot.

Size  

If you’re stumped on choosing the right size for your rose plant container, always opt to go bigger. Choosing a large and tall container (~15 inches in diameter) will hold more soil and allow the roots to grow freely with plenty of space. As a result, you won’t need to water the plant as often.

Material 

There are a wide selection of materials that can be used for rose containers, but many gardeners choose fiberglass and plastic because they’re lightweight and non-porous. There are porous materials like terra cotta and clay that will require more watering; however they can help prevent the soil from overheating, which can be very beneficial if you live in a warmer climate.

Drainage 

It’s essential to have good drainage when it comes to potted roses. You’ll want to find a pot that has drainage holes at the bottom to avoid root rot or pests. This will allow the water to drain properly and won’t cause the soil to become too wet.

Choosing the Right Rose

types of roses

Some roses are more suitable for potted growth than others, so it’s important to do some research and find the right type for your home. These four roses below are perfect for indoor and outdoor container growth and can blossom in small spaces. 

Ground Cover 

These types of roses are low-maintenance and create a waterfall effect when they spill over the edges of a container. They get no taller than 36 inches and come in a variety of stunning colors like yellow, white, pink and red. 

  • Great for: Someone new to rose care

Miniature 

Growing to be no larger than 24 inches tall, miniature roses have been cultivated to stay relatively small throughout their life cycle. These mini blooms are hardy and come in many shapes and colors, making them a beautiful sight to see. 

  • Great for: Someone who has a small outdoor space 

Patio 

If you’re looking for a compact rose, these may be exactly what you’re looking for. Also known as a floribunda, patio roses are slightly smaller than the standard rose and grow up to 18-24 inches tall. 

  • Great for: Someone who wants to grow outdoors

Polyantha 

This type of rose is typically disease-resistant and grows in beautiful clusters of pink, yellow, and cream. These plants are particularly sturdy and can last throughout the wintertime, making it perfect for outdoor growth. 

  • Great for: Someone who lives in a colder climate

Rose Care Tips 

rose care

Simple as it may seem, growing roses actually requires quite a bit of maintenance and care. To ensure your rose plant lives a long and healthy life, keep these essential tips in mind so you can continue to enjoy your lovely blooms.

Sunlight 

Giving your roses at least 6–8 hours of sunlight a day is crucial, especially in the colder months. If you are growing multiple potted roses, keep them at least 2–3 feet apart to ensure they receive equal sunlight and good air circulation.

Water

There is no set schedule when it comes to watering your rose plants, however you do need to check the soil once or twice a week to determine the moisture level. If the surface of the soil feels dry, that is a sign that you should water your plant. Be careful not to overwater as that will potentially cause root rot and disease.

Temperature

Protecting your potted roses from colder temperatures is a crucial step in the growing process. Plants in pots tend to get much colder than those in the ground, so consider mulching the base or bringing it inside to keep it warm. Ideally, rose plants do best in an environment between 60 and 70 degrees so try to keep your roses somewhere in that temperature range— consider a mini greenhouse or cover.

Repotting

Container roses need to be repotted every 2–3 years in order to keep the plants healthy and happy. If you notice your rose plant’s roots appearing at the top, that’s a sign it has outgrown its pot. Be sure to replace the old container with one that is two sizes bigger so it can continue to grow freely. Fill the pot with fresh soil and compost to maximize nutrient levels.

Rose FAQ’s

Whether you’re a first-time plant owner or an expert gardener, there are bound to be some  questions that come up along the process. Check out our quick answers to some frequently asked questions about rose care below.

pink roses in pot

How do you maintain a rose plant?

You should approach rose plant care the way you’d approach any other plant: carefully and diligently! Luckily, our roses are easy to maintain. Here are the steps you can take to keep your plant happy and healthy, whether it’s a long-stem rose plant or a small potted variety:

  1. Make sure your rose gets plenty of sun: about 6-7 hours a day is ideal, but you can reduce it to 4 on particularly scorching hot days.
  2. Ensure that your potted rose is in well-drained soil and a draining pot. Roses do not like sitting in a puddle of mud.
  3. Water your rose 3 to 4 times a week for best results. If it’s especially hot for several days in a row, you can give it a little extra water to help it cool down.
  4. Prune dead leaves and wilted flowers to keep your rose plant looking vibrant and healthy.

Follow these steps, and your thumb will be as green as can be!

What are some good companion plants for roses?

Roses pair well with a variety of plants. Many indoor green plants with darker foliage look great alongside bright and colorful rose blooms, as the contrast highlights the beauty of each petal. Some of our favorites include:

  • The lush tropical peace lily, which has dark forest-green foliage
  • Braided money trees, a fun and interesting option for home decor
  • The ginseng bonsai, a perfect companion to smaller rose plants
  • The pink prayer plant, whose pink striations will bring out the pink of a potted rose

Let your gift recipient turn their home into a little urban jungle by pairing potted roses for delivery with the perfect companion plants for roses!

What kind of potted roses does FTD offer?

We offer a variety of small rose plants, perfect for a living Mother’s Day gift or other occasions, that come in a variety of pot options. Here are a few highlights to consider as you think about the ideal potted roses for you:

  • Yellow roses in a woven pot, ready to be planted
  • Pink rosalea plants, which are are a gorgeous alternative to the traditional potted rose
  • Polka-dot potted pink roses for a unique and funky gift option

Once you get the basic tips down and establish your own routine, growing potted roses should be a piece of cake. Use our selection tips and check out the different rose color meanings to decide what suits your home best!